JOHN SNAILHAM - CHINDIT (1915-2003)
I received my call up papers in 1940 I was twenty three. My brother was already in the army so my mother and father were not at all keen on me having to go as well, but I was young and pretty keyed up for it. After the medical examination and a short wait I was sent to Brecon in Wales to join the South Wales Borderers.
It was a long way from home for a Lancashire lad and totally different from my home town of Preston, quiet, pretty, but a boring sort of place I thought. Basic training was a doddle for me though,I was always playing football and cricket keeping fit that way back home in Preston.
At the camp it struck me that Britain was in bad shape for war, the equipment was pretty poor and there was only one Bren machine gun available for the whole company instead of one per section. But I didn’t let it worry me I was keen to get on with things what with north Africa in the news all the time, I dreamed of palm trees and exotic locations, besides, I had all the sport I could handle. After six months training I was sent to Newton Abbot seconded to the Gloucester regiment they had had a rough time and their numbers were down to only forty five men. In 1943 after the regiment had made up their numbers we had our ship out orders. A boat trip to India although they didn’t tell us that at the time. Only that tropical gear would be issued.
We landed to my great surprise in a small port on the coast of India. India itself was a shock! Poverty, blazing sunshine and a sticky sickly heat which I was certainly not used to. After a long rail journey in a cramped hot as hell train I arrived at our base camp.
Training training training, an awful lot of it to make us ready for the jungle. I moved regiment again to the Leicestershire regiment (due to the fact that I was a signaler and radio operators were in short supply) to become part of the Special Force the third Indian Division. Here I found that I and the rest of the units had gained a nick name,Chindit (after the Cinthay, mythical griffin, half lion half eagle guardian of the Burmese temples) odd name, but one to remember with pride. We were to see our commander many times at base and behind enemy lines. Major General Orde Wingate. A straight talker whom we all respected and trusted:-
” No shaving in the jungle! This means an extra two minutes in bed” he would say. ” A tired soldier is not a good fighter!" And he was right, as usual.
Morale amongst the troops was excellent: A small red headed trooper from Manchester was refused permission to go with our unit when we were ordered to the front. He was crying, that is how much it meant to him to stay with the unit he had trained with. The sergeant major took him to see the commanding officer and insisted the whole units morale would suffer if he didn’t go. The next day he marched off with rest of us down the Burma road. We passed American units heading back from the front lines and as they went by they shouted "Your not taking him with you are you?” They couldn’t believe a five foot tall bloke would hold his own against the Japanese. But he proved himself time and again and fought like the best of us.
We went into the jungle on foot infiltrating and penetrating enemy lines. Mike Calvert and Bernard Fergusson leading our mixed group of British and Ghurkha troops. Hill after hill. Mile after blooming mile. The jungle seemed like it would never end. We blew up this and that the main aim to cut the Myitkyina railway supply line. Destroyed anything enemy we could find. Hit and run. Keep the enemy guessing. Took casualties, as many to disease as anything else. But keep going, that was all in our minds. To give up was not an option. A pistol and grenade was left to anyone that we could not get out, they were done for. They were on their own if the enemy was close by, we could not carry them out. We all knew it, we had no option.
Re-supply was by air in a clearing marked by smoke. Bundles dropped by parachute which we mostly retrieved. Sometimes an American helicopter could land and take out one or two wounded soldiers at a time. They were nothing like today’s helicopters, much more primitive. Bloody dangerous looking things in fact, like a big bug and made a hell of a lot of noise which I thought they must hear in Tokyo!
We were moving around yet another village when I came to a small bamboo fence and for some reason decided to go under it rather than hop over them as I normally did. I felt the pain before I heard the noise of the snipers rifle. He caught me in the right side just below the heart, the bullet going through and out of me.
As I hit the ground I could hear the other blokes deal with the sniper, he got off a lot worse than me! I was lucky that the bullet missed the grenades I was carrying, they were dangling from the bandoliers slung on each hip each of which contained twenty four rounds of .303 ammunition (one clip of which I was later told had deflected the path of the bullet and had saved my bacon).
The pain was dreadful. I was patched up and given a shot of morphine. [Next]
How American film star Jackie Coogan
risked his life to save mine and many others.
By John Snailham - Chindit radio operator
Operation Thursday Burma 1944 - Behind enemy lines
A. Coy. 2nd Battalion Leicestershire Regiment which marched into Japanese occupied Burma from the Ledo Road with the 16th Infantry Brigade. An epic march with mules and air supply over the Naga Hills to the River Chindwin during the second Chindit action ‘Operation Thursday’ 1944 and battles around Indaw two hundred miles behind Japanese lines. Completing some 500 miles march through Jungle and over hills.
General Orde Wingate signal read “Well done Leicestershire Regiment – Hannibal eclipsed
Chindit World War 2 Burma
Chindit Operation Thursday 1944 - A.Coy.2nd Battalion Leicestershire Regiment
[Below] Items that I carried during operation Thursday:- My Jungle signal mirror for aircraft supply drops. A sweets tin to remind us of home (which we all looked at every night) it also contained all my personal stuff. Lucky clovers from my sweetheart that were in the tin with the signal mirror also.
Every Night after long Marching and actions the phrase ‘Mary had a little lamb’ was ordered to be repeated through the radio over and over again for hours. I grew to detest the phrase by the end. No doubt the Japanese if listening, did too.
[Bottom] Record of Military Service
(Starting with me being a unit replacement for both men that were lost at Dunkirk and subsequent military units actions and losses)
Chindit World War 2 Burma