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(1556-1605) Akbar The Great  consolidated the Mogul Empire.

1600 English merchants form the East India Company with centres at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.

During the 17th Century (1605 -1707) The Mogul, empire was at it's height. But in 1739 King Nadir Shah of Persia invaded India and removed much of the Mogul influence, leaving rival Indian Princes to vie for power fighting internal wars, with both the British and French supporting alternative factions.

1757 AD Robert Clive defeated Nawab of Bengal, Siraj Al Dulah, at the battle of Plassey, bringing Bengal under the control of the East India Company.

1772-1785 British Governor General of Bengal Warren Hastings formed an Indian army under British control. There followed a policy of expansion and domination of the country which during the 19th Century saw the British controlling Indian States through a series of wars with regional princes and diplomatic Pacts with others.

1857-1858 AD The Bengal army revolted against the British in what was known as the 'Indian Mutiny'. During this rebellion, rebels sought to take advantage of unrest, and restore power to a Mogul Emperor. Although the rebels were defeated, British policy changed quickly and the East India Company was dissolved, it's powers coming directly under the control of the British Crown.

Time periods

Stone Age

7000–3300 BC Mehrgarh culture 6000 BC

(Developing into the Indus Valley society northern India region)

Bronze Age

Indus Valley Civilization 2600–1800 BC

Vedic (Hindu) development period from Aryan nomads 1500–500 BC

Harappan City culture 1800–1300 BC

1100–700 BC

Iron Age

Various Primative tribal kingdoms evolve (Janapadas)

700–300 BC

Mahajanapadas (The sixteen Great Realm Kingdoms)

684–26 BC

Magadha Empire (Becomes the most influential)

326 BC

Alexander The Great invaded the Indus Valley and defeated Indian King

Porus.The Macedonian King however, did not continue forward toward the

Indian interior and Ghanges plain, as his soldiers would now no longer follow him.

Mauryan Empire 321–184 BC (After Alexander The Great's death, control of the

Indus Valley was ceded to the Mauryan Empie) [ More]

India history notes

India history notes
1. 2600BC to 1526AD
2. Empires
3. Important dates
4. British Raj
5. Clive of India
6. Political effects within Europe
7. India/Bangladesh/Pakistan

Important Dates


Life of Buddha

(Siddhartha Gautama)

500 BC

Island of Ceylon

is colonized


The British East India Company is dissolved and the administration of all British controlled areas of India are handed over to the British Government.


In Bombay the Indian National Congress is

founded as a focus for independent nationalism.