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History of Russia - Page 1

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Introduced by penguin General Ivan Itchy Knowledge :-)

A cartoon buddy Russia and Russian history notes maker.


Hello Buddy... So human pal, what is in the Russian zone of your Planet?...

Well me for a start. Ivan's records will show you what a great history Russia has had. This country that is renown of bitterly cold winters is not just all snow you know, it also has the warmest of summers, within the largest country on your World.


My history notes

Here’s how the monarchy started. The ninth and tenth centuries saw Viking chiefs ruling the major cities of Kiev and Novgorod, by the twelfth century the Russian people were considered united under the empire of Kiev with local princes ruling the country. The 13th century saw the Mongol invaders overrunning the southern steppes area (1223) and by the 14th century Ukraine and Byelorussia were controlled by Poland. Ivan The Great united the country (1462-1584) defeating the Mongols. He then proclaimed himself the first Tsar.


Catherine II (The Great) Empress, made the country the strongest power in Europe, annexing Poland, Byelorussia and the mighty Ukraine.


Alexander I reign saw the defeat of Napoleons invading army (1812) and he was succeeded by Nicholas I (1825) who saw Russia's involvement in the Crimean War (1853-1856). Alexander I and Alexander II modernised the country with industry and built the famous Trans-Siberian railway.


Nicholas II established an elected parliament (Duma) but his reforms of Russia's democracy fell apart due to corruption and intrigues. The result was the creation of the Bolshevik party and by 1917 the Russian revolution had started.


The tsar abdicated in march and on in July 1918 he and his family were murdered by their Red army guards to prevent their rescue by the White army (anti communist forces). So ended the monarchy.

Russian


Date

1462 - Ivan III /Great

1505 - Basil III

1533 - Ivan IV /Terrible

1584 - Fyodor I

1598 - Boris Gudunov

1605 - Fyodor II

1605 - Demetrius

1606 - Basil IV/Shuiski

1610 - Interregnum

1613 - Michael Romanov

1645 - Alexis

1676 - Fyodor III

1682 - Ivan V & Peter I/ Great

1682 - Peter I/ Great

1689 - Peter I/ Great

1725 - Catherine I

1727 - Peter II

1730 - Anna

1740 - Ivan VI

1741 - Elizabeth



1762 - Peter III

1762 - Catherine II/Great

1796 - Paul I

1801 - Alexander I

1825 - Nicholas I

1855 - Alexander II

1881 - Alexander III

1894 - Nicholas II

1917 - Revolution -

The royal family are murdered.

russian cartoon buddy

The first Romanov Tsar (Michael-1613) Was elected after a long period of social decline that had caused chaos in Russia. This Tsar became a major stabilising factor of a new nation. Peter the Great (1682-1725) Founded the capital of St Petersburg modernised the country, and created the first Russian Navy.