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The Mexican Flag.


Dates from 1821 and the central emblem includes an Eagle, snake and Cactus.

The flag emblems refer to an ancient Aztec Legend about the founding of their Capital City Tenochtitlan (Present day Mexico City).


The Alamo.


In 1835 a full-scale revolution and civil war took place between Americans living in Texas (who declared independence) and Mexico. Sam Houston a former Tennessee governor headed the Army, navy and Texas Rangers.


The war ended in 1836 when Houston attacked the Mexican forces on the banks of the San Jacinto River defeated them and captured the Mexican Dictator Santa Anna (Who considered himself The Napoleon Of The West) and forced him to acknowledge the independence of Texas.


The Defining event of this conflict was the siege and capture of the Alamo mission in San Antonio which fell in March 1836.


Defended by 187 Texans including William B Travis, James Bowie (after whom the Bowie knife was named) and Davy Crockett, the mission was surrounded by 5000 Mexican soldiers. The defenders were asked to surrender, but replied with a defiant no and a single cannon shot.


After 12 days of artillery bombardment the Mexicans attacked the Alamo in a massive frontal assault which lasted an hour. The 187 defenders inflicted over a thousand casualties on the attackers but the defenders were all killed with the exception of around 30 non-combatants.


Santa Anna was determined to destroy The Texas symbol of defiance but inadvertently made the Alamo Mission a symbol of Texas Liberty with the phrase "Remember The Alamo" uniting and encouraging the Texan rebellion.

1934 - Lazaro Cardenas (President)


1939 - Avila Camacho (President)



1940 Mexican Revolution End (1910-1940)



Prime Minister Institutional Revolutionary Party


1946 - Miguel Valdes


1952 - Aldolfo Cortines


1958 - Aldolfo Mateos


1964 - Gustavo Ordaz


1970 - Luis Alvarez


1976 - Jose Pacheo

1982 - Miguel Hurtado


1988 - Carlos Gortari


1994 - Ernesto de Leon


2000 - Ernesto Zedillo


2000 - Vicente Fox Quesada


2006 - Felipe Calderon Hinojosa


Mexico history notes - Page 3
1. Early Civilisations
2. Rulers of Mexico
3. Mexican Flag